26 Nov

Haglund’s Deformity

Common reasons: Haglund’s Deformity is a condition caused by a prominent bump on the posterior (back) aspect of the heel at the area of the Achilles tendon. It’s common in women who wear high-heeled shoes, and can cause great pain and discomfort. Treatment: In mild cases this inflammation and projection of bone at the back […]

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26 Nov

Fractured 5th Metatarsal (Jones Fracture)

The 5th Metatarsal is the little toe of the foot and is commonly fractured. Common reasons: Injury often occurs during an ankle roll where the foot is in a pointed position and the foot is rolled over   Treatment: Treatment generally requires a plaster to immobilise the fracture and with more severe injuries surgical intervention […]

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14 Nov

Foot and ankle

Your feet are amazing The average person walks 8,000 to 10,000 steps per day (source from: foot.com). Its phenominal when you think about it. The Foot and Ankle Joint Anatomy The ankle joint is formed by 3 main bones tibia, fibula and talus. The foot has 26 bones, as a result, the foot and ankle contains […]

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20 Sep

Hammer Toe

A hammertoe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer   Common reasons: Injury most frequently results from wearing poorly-fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are […]

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20 Sep

Ingrown Toenail

An ingrown toenail occurs when part of the nail penetrates the skin, which can often result in an infection.   Common reasons: Injury is caused as the side of the nail penetrates deep and it is difficult to see the edge of the nail which causes pain. Poor cutting of the nail is most commonly […]

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20 Sep

Lisfranc joint injury

The Lisfranc joint refers injury to the base of the toe joints that forms joints with the 4 small middle foot bones. Common reasons: Injury is caused when an axial load is applied to a foot in a plantar flexed (foot pointed) the classic mechanism is falling out of the stirrups whilst riding a horse. […]

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20 Sep

Midtarsal Joint Sprain

Quite commonly midtarsal joint sprains are misdiagnosed as ankle sprain (Won et al., 2016). Function: The midtarsal joints are situated in the middle foot region.   Common reasons: Injury occurs when the middle portion of the foot is stretched beyond its normal range of motion this can happen with quite dynamic activities involving jumping or increased […]

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20 Sep

Mortons Neuroma

Mortons neuroma describes a compression injury to a nerve between the metatarsals (long bones that form base of toes-common between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal); it mainly affects middle aged women (Jain and Mannan, 2013). Common reasons: This injury occurs because of aberrant foot biomechanics and alternatively tight shoes can be a factor.   Treatment: […]

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20 Sep

Osteoarthritis Metatarsophalangeal joint (Big Toe)

The second most common pathology in the big toe after hallux valgus it degenerative arthritis in the metatarsophalangeal joint (Gordon and Singh, 2014). Common reasons: Main reasons described in literature are: tight footwear, tight achilles tendon, trauma, elevated first ray, pes planus (flat foot) and hallux valgus to name some (Gordon and Singh, 2014). Osteoarthritis […]

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20 Sep

Plantar Fascia Pain

Plantar fasciitis or plantar fascia pain makes up 10-15% of foot symptoms in adults (Tahririan et al., 2012); 8-10% in runners and 1% in of all referred orthopaedic patients. Function: The plantar fascia, also called the deep fascia of the sole, is triangularly shaped and stretches from the calcaneus to the toes. It is also […]

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