21 Sep

AC Joint Stabilisation

Indication for Surgery Acute trauma, the acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocated after ongoing problems post shoulder injury (Lu et al., 2014)   Function: The AC joint is supported by both, capsular and strong ligaments and muscles attaching to it (Keener, 2014). Movement of the AC joint includes rotation, elevation and translation.   Common reasons: Usually indicated […]

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21 Sep

Shoulder Impingement

65% of shoulder pain attributed at least in part to impingement. The results of surgical impingement are actually comparable to those of conservative management. In the long term up to ⅓ of patients are left with persistent pain and disability. Function: As the am is moved away from the body, movement actually occurs between the […]

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21 Sep

Trapezius Trigger Point

The trapezius muscle is located in the upper shoulder. Trigger points may refer pain both in the local area and/or to other areas of the body.  Trigger points are like small blisters under the skin and when a muscle becomes tight the trigger points can be painful to touch and more prominent.   Function: The […]

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21 Sep

Bankart Lesion

Bankart (fragment of the glenoid bone breaks off or a labral tear) or Hill-Sachs (impression fracture of the humeral head) lesions are usually associated with an anterior shoulder dislocation (Horst et al., 2014). They may occur together, though not always necessarily. Anterior shoulder dislocation is the most common direction, with the majority of patients being […]

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21 Sep

SLAP Lesion

A slap lesion describes a damage/injury/pathology to the superior anterior posterior (SLAP) labrum in the shoulder joint (Schroder et al., 2017).       Function: The shoulder joint is considered a ‘ball and socket’ joint. The socket is somewhat deepened by a circumferential rim of fibrocartilage which is called the glenoidal labrum. A “SLAP tear […]

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21 Sep

Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability refers to when the capsule and ligaments supporting the shoulder joint are loose, enabling the bones forming the joint to move excessively on one another.     Function: The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint, with the ball (= head of the humerus) being rather big for the socket (= glenoid […]

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21 Sep

Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy

The shoulder is a joint, where movement has to be precisely coordinated, as it is a muscle-stabilized joint (with a big ball and small socket as joint partners) (Muffalli, 2012). Function: Rotator cuff tendinopathy refers to dysfunction within one or more of these tendons. Patients present themselves with reduced range of movement, pain and weakness […]

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21 Sep

Rotator Cuff Tear

The shoulder is a joint, where movement has to be precisely coordinated, as it is a muscle-stabilized joint (with a big ball and small socket as joint partners) (Muffalli, 2012). Most tears occur in the supraspinatus muscle, but other parts of the cuff may be involved.   Function: The rotator cuff in the shoulder refers […]

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21 Sep

Rotator Cuff Sprain

The shoulder is a joint, where movement has to be precisely coordinated, as it is a muscle-stabilized joint (with a big ball and small socket as joint partners) (Muffalli, 2012).   Function: The rotator cuff in the shoulder refers to a group of four muscles, which run from the shoulder blade to the top of […]

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21 Sep

Osteolysis Distal End of Clavicle

Although generally found in active young men, this condition becomes increasingly common in women, as the popularity of bodybuilding and extreme athletics rises (DeFroda et al., 2017).   Function: Osteolysis of the distal clavicle (ODC), a condition in which the collarbone slowly breaks down and dissolves, causing pain, instability, and reduced mobility and strength.   […]

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