20 Sep

Trochanteric Bursitis

Trochanteric bursitis refers to inflammation and swelling of the bursa located between the point of the hip (trochanter) and the overlying gluteal muscles. In literature it is described as a self-limiting disorder in the majority of patients (Lustenberger et al., 2013). Function: A bursa is a fluid-filled sac which allows adjacent tissues to slide over […]

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20 Sep

Gluteus Medius Tendinopathy

Gluteus Medius tendinopathy refers to damage to the tendon on the outside of the thigh as it inserts into the bone. This condition is associated with significant pain and disability (Lee et al., 2016).   Function: Gluteus Medius lifts the leg out to the side or when standing on the leg, raises the pelvis on […]

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20 Sep

Hip Flexor Strain/Iliopsoas Syndrome

A hip flexor strain refers to a tear within the hip flexor muscles group, the ¬†iliopsoas being the most common one involved. Often a hip flexor strain goes hand in hand with an adductor strain in the hip (Tyler, Fukunaga and Gellert, 2014). Function: The two powerful main hip flexors are iliopsoas (consisting of Iliacus […]

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20 Sep

Hip Joint Injury

A hip joint injury refers to an overstretching injury to the hip joint and its supporting structures. Common reasons: It can result from moving the hip joint too far. This can overstretch the structures supporting the joint. These structures include the surrounding joint capsule which holds the fluid within the joint and the ligaments which […]

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20 Sep

Iliopsoas Bursitis

Disorders of the iliopsoas muscles can lead to severe groin pain in the active and athletic population (Anderson, 2016). Function: The two powerful main hip flexors are iliopsoas (consisting of Iliacus and Psoas Major muscle) and rectus femoris, which is one of the four quadriceps muscles. Common reasons: Acute trauma, overuse, biomechanical imbalance and intraarticular […]

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20 Sep

Lateral Tear of the Hip

The hip joint is a ball and socket joint, around the rim of the socket is a labrum. The labrum is a cartilaginous ring around the socket and improves the stability of the hip.   Function: The hip labrum has the same function like the glenoid labrum in the shoulder. The labrum covers the rim […]

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20 Sep

Osteoarthritis of the hip

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease which affects the joints in the body. The surface of the joint is damaged and the surrounding bone grows thicker. In England nearly 2,5 million people are affected by it (Aresti, 2016).   Common reasons: OA of the hip causes joint damage and swelling (inflammation) making it painful to move […]

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20 Sep

Perthes Disease

Perthes’ disease is a condition where the top of the thigh bone (the femoral head) softens and breaks down; it is a relatively common childhood pathology, affecting 10,8 in 100 000 children.   Common reason: It occurs in some children and causes a limp and other symptoms. The bone gradually heals and reforms as the […]

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20 Sep

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

A slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a separation of the ball of the hip joint from the thigh bone (femur) at the upper growing end (growth plate) of the bone in an immature hip. Recent research has shown, that a connection with obesity in children is a strong risk factor to suffer from SCFE (Novais […]

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20 Sep

Snapping Hip

As the name suggests, snapping hip refers to a condition which produces a snapping noise in the hip which is usually palpable as well (Yen, Lewis and Kim, 2015). Function: Snapping hip, also referred to as coxa saltans, is divided into external and internal types and is caused laterally by the iliotibial band and anteriorly […]

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