27 Nov

Intersection Syndrome

Intersection syndrome is a common overuse syndrome of the distal forearm, on the thumb side of the wrist/hand in the first (area of abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis) and second (extensor carpi radialis longus and extensor carpi radialis brevis) extensor compartment (Montechiarello et al., 2010). Function: Important is to differentiate between an actual intersection […]

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26 Nov

Triangular Fibrocartilage Tear

Wrist pain is common, however, like lower back pain, but often difficult to relate to a specific injury or pathology (Chan, Teunis and Ring, 2014). The triangular fibrocartilage tear is responsible for stability, cushioning and smooth movement in the wrist joint. Function: The term “triangular fibrocartilage complex” (TFCC) describes the ligamentous and cartilaginous structures that […]

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21 Sep

Mallet Finger

A mallet finger is where the end of a finger is bent (flexed) towards the palm and cannot straighten = loss of extensor mechanism at the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint, also commonly known as “baseball finger” or “drop finger” (Alla, Deal and Dempsey, 2014). Function: Mallet finger is an injury of the extensor tendon, so […]

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23 Jun

Wrist Flexor Tendinopathy

Wrist flexor tendinopathy is an overuse condition and often shows pain and swelling of the affected tendon(s). Function: The wrist flexors are the muscles on the palm side of the forearm and their function is to bend the wrist and fingers.   Common reasons: This injury is caused by overuse for example repetitive forehand, or […]

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23 Jun

Scapholunate Ligament Sprain/Tear

Injuries of the scapholunate ligament are common amongst the young and active population (Pappou, Basel and Deal, 2013). Scaphoid and lunate are both part of the wrist bones. Function: The scaphoid bone is a wrist bone located at the base of the thumb and the lunate adjacent to it the scapholunate ligament stabilizes the joint.It […]

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23 Jun

Fracture of Distal Radius and Ulna

Distal radius fractures are named as one of the most common fractures in the wrist with up to 18% in the adult population and 25% in the pediatric population (Nellans, Kowalski and Chung, 2013). Function: The wrist is the base of the hand and allows two directions of motion: extension-flexion and ulnar and radial deviation; […]

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23 Jun

Fracture of Carpal Bone

There are 8 carpal bones in the human wrist, arranged in 2 rows. Whenever there is a suspicion of a fracture carpal bone, patients should be advised to wear a splint, as not all fractures are detected on an initial X-ray (Cooney, 2011). Function: The motion of the wrist occurs between the radius /ulna (forearm […]

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23 Jun

De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis causes pain and tenderness at the side of the wrist beneath the base of the thumb as it is an inflammation of the tendon its sheath. Sometimes there is slight swelling and redness in the area. This is mainly due to overuse (Goel and Abzug, 2015).   Function: De Quervain’s tenosynovitis mainly […]

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23 Jun

Closed Fracture of the Scaphoid

A scaphoid fracture are not always easy to detect; a special X-ray is necessary to fully view the scaphoid bone. Function: The scaphoid is a small wrist bone located at the base of the thumb.   Common reasons: This injury predominantly occurs because of a fall on an outstretched hand. Treatment: Immobilize in a thumb […]

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23 Jun

Cyclist’s Palsy or Ulnar Neuropathy

Cycling is commonly associated with nerve injuries, with cyclist’s palsy being the most common one (O’Connor et al., 2013).   Function: Caused by a hyperextended position of the wrist resting on the handlebars or hoods, the ulnar nerve becomes irritated and compressed in the wrist within or distal the Guyon’s canal. This is due to […]

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