30 Aug

Biceps Tenodesis

Function: Biceps is commonly known as the flexor of the elbow and supinator of the forearm ; biomechanically he is also a depressor of the humeral head (Cofield and Sperling, 2010). Some research also says it is a stabilizer of the shoulder joint.     Common reasons: This can especially be an efficient treatment method […]

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21 Jun

Biceps Brachii Insertional Tendinopathy/ Biceps Tendinopathy

  Tendinopathy in general is the inflammation of a tendon, either caused by overloading through high repetitions or because of a degenerative process (Scott et al., 2013).   Function: The biceps brachii is commonly known as the “biceps” in the upper arm.  The muscle runs downs the upper am to have its tendon insert near […]

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21 Jun

Extensor Tendinopathy (Tennis Elbow)

Lateral epicondylitis is commonly known as “tennis elbow” and is the result of a constant strain on the outer part of the elbow joint (Lee et al., 2015) through overuse. Mainly affected are the tendons and muscles surrounding the lateral side of the elbow; generally the tennis elbow is an inflammation of the extensor carpi […]

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21 Jun

Medial Epicondylitis/ Flexor Tendinitis (Golfer’s Elbow)

Medial epicondylitis of the elbow is a classic overuse injury with inflammation of the common flexor-pronator origin.   Function: These tendons connect the forearm muscles to their origin from the arm bone. These muscles function to move the wrist, hand and fingers; most sensitive region is located near the origin of the wrist flexors on […]

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21 Jun

Olecranon Bursitis

Of all bursae in the body, an inflammation of the olecranon bursa is one of the most frequent one. Bursitis at this location can be acute or chronic and septic or aseptic (Reilly and Kamineni, 2016). It is also called “student’s elbow” or “plumber’s elbow” (Blackwell et al., 2014).   Function: Olecranon bursitis refers to […]

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21 Jun

Posterior Elbow Impingement

The back of the elbow with repeated extension (straightening of the elbow) can impinge causing pain.   Function: The elbow joint is a hinge joint, with the ulna moving into the lower end of the humerus, which prevents massive hyperextension of the joint. The bones at the back of the elbow can be repeatedly jammed resulting […]

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21 Jun

Triceps Tendinopathy

In literature when talking of a triceps tendinopathy, the condition includes tendinosis as well as partial tears; with tears being the terminal event of tendinopathy in most cases (Donaldson et al., 2014). In general it is the rarest of all tendinopathies around the elbow area.   Function: The Triceps muscle is located behind the upper […]

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21 Jun

Elbow Instabilities/Dislocations

The elbow joint is the most commonly dislocated joint in adults (de Haan et al., 2011). Elbow dislocations are classified as simple or complex, with simple meaning dislocations without bone fractures. Complex dislocations are usually a combination of fractures of the distal humerus, radial head, proximal ulna and/or coronoid process. Associated with a dislocation in […]

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