26 Nov

Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises

This is the top site for this https://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13013-016-0076-9

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14 Nov

The Spine Anatomy

The Human Spine The human spine has 33 bones this allows twisting, bending, and rotation And it protects the spinal cord. The spine has 5 regions: Cervical spine: C1-C7 Thoracic spine: T1-T12 Lumbar spine: L1-L5 Sacral spine: S1-S5 Coccyx The spine is an “S” curve: the neck is concave, and the middle is convex, and the […]

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20 Sep

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Suffering from an acute cauda equina syndrome is an uncommon, but neurologically very significant pathology; an anatomical compression of nerve roots, usually caused by a lumbar disk hernia, is a common cause in the western population (Panos et al., 2016). Being a bundle of nerve, it is called after a horse’s tail, to which it […]

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20 Sep

Degenerative Disc Disease

A degenerative disc is given when the intervertebral disc (pillow between the spinal bones) fluid content decreases and the spinal structure loses in height. Flexibility in the spine is essential to perform the movements our daily lives demand. At birth, 80% of the human disc is composed by water, which is essential in order to […]

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20 Sep

Lumbar Radiculopathy

Radiculopathy, or sciatica, is describing a radiating leg pain as far down as below knee level with development of neurological deficits (Iversen et al., 2015). Radiculopathy is the name of all the symptoms that might arise from a nerve root pathology in general. Whereas, radicular pain and nerve root pain are describing a symptoms from […]

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20 Sep

Lumbar Stenosis

Lumbar stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back) is one of the most common causes for spine-related disability and one of the main reasons for spinal surgery in older adults (Friedly et al., 2014).   Common reasons: Primary stenosis is a congenital condition; secondary stenosis can have several possible causes, such as […]

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20 Sep

Spinal Stenosis

Stenosis in general is the description of a degenerative change in the anatomical spinal size. Similar to patients with disc herniations, severe stenosis can be completely asymptomatic (Genevay and Atlas, 2010). Spinal stenosis is caused by narrowing of the spinal column or the openings where the spinal nerves pass out of the spinal column. This […]

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20 Sep

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is another word for spinal deformity and was firstly described by Hippocrates (ancient Greek times) who also tried to treat and cure the disfuncion with applying a specially designed distraction apparatus (Newton et al., 2011). Degenerative scoliosis affects up to 68% of adults older than 70 year and is a common cause for pain […]

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20 Sep

Postural Syndrome

Postural syndrome describes lower back pain, experienced when normal soft tissues are presented with a prolonged period of static loading in an end of  range position (Wise, 2015). Function: Postural syndrome usually results in a loss of extension ability in the spine (Wise, 2015). Ergonomic stressors such as repetitive motion, heavy liftin, non-neutral postures and […]

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20 Sep

Lumbar Disc Dysfunction

A lumbar disc herniation is one of the most common spinal degenerative disorders, often leading to low back pain and radicular leg pain (Yang et al., 2015). 7% in low back injuries are disc injuries; Discogenic pain typically increases with sitting, bending, coughing, sneezing, or activities that compress the disc. Interestingly, there is also a […]

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