With the calcaneus being the biggest bone in the foot, it has a major role in biomechanics (Dhillon, 2013). The calcaneus functions as a vertical support for one’s body weight, providing support for and maintaining the lateral column of the foot.
Stress fracture of the calcaneus (heel bone) can occur due to an imbalance in the bony remodelling. The bone formation and resorption is out of balance.
Management of this condition should involve treatment of the aberrant foot biomechanics and analysis of training techniques. Female athletes can be more prone to stress fractures due to changes in diet and change in menstrual cycle. Especially when wearing a cast or an immobilisation boot range of movement is drastically reduced and patients usually show antalgic gait patterns.
Dhillon M. S., 2013, Fractures of the Calcaneus, J.P. Medical Ltd, London, UK, p. 1