Scoliosis is another word for spinal deformity and was firstly described by Hippocrates (ancient Greek times) who also tried to treat and cure the disfuncion with applying a specially designed distraction apparatus (Newton et al., 2011). Degenerative scoliosis affects up to 68% of adults older than 70 year and is a common cause for pain and disability (Evaniew et al., 2015).
A lateral curvature of the spine = scoliosis, is likely to develop due to postural imbalance, injury, pain and scarring from a previous trauma or surgery (Hawes and O’Brien, 2006). Pain may be due to abnormal weight distribution through the spine or overloading supporting structures.
The most common reason for scoliosis is “idiopathic”, which is the case in 72% of all affected individuals (Evaniew et al., 2015). Literature confirms, that as long as there is postural imbalance and the dynamics of growth within the vertebrae are altered by continuous asymmetric mechanical loading, deformity of the spine can be caused (Hawes and O’Brien, 2006).
Generally treatment involves stretching, strengthening, spinal mobilisation or manipulation and soft tissue release.
Newton P.O. et al., 2011, Idiopathic Scoliosis- The Harms Study Group Treatment Guide, Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany, p: 1
Evaniew N. et al., 2015, The surgical management of scoliosis: a scoping review of the literature, Bio Med Central OPen Access Publisher, 10(1), DOI: 10.1186/s13013-014-0026-3
Hawes M.C. and O’Brien J.P., 2006, The transformation of spinal curvature into spinal deformity: pathological processes and implications for treatment,