Patellofemoral syndrome refers to pain arising from the joint between the kneecap and the underlying thigh bone. Other names for this condition include Patellofemoral pain syndrome, Chondromalacia Patellae and Runner’s knee.
Patellofemoral syndrome most often results from overuse of the knee Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), or runner’s knee, is common amongst runners.
When the knee is bent the knee cap (patella) slides up within a groove on the end of the thigh bone (femur). With repeated bending and straightening, such as during activities involving running, jumping and cycling, the underneath surface of the knee cap can become irritated. This can result in pain and occasionally swelling.
Through the high repetitive movement of running an irritation under or on the kneecap (patella) occurs. PFPS can affect one or both knees and usually occurs in younger runners, however, twice as many women (reason therefore is the biomechanics of the angling of the thighbone to the knee → causing more stress for the kneecap) than men according to the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Pinpointing the issues causing “runner’s knee” is hard, as many different things can cause this problem. In some patients biomechanics might be the reason for causing pain, in other cases it might be worn cartilage.
Management of this condition involves rest from aggravating activities, joint and soft tissue mobilization, strengthening and correction of abnormal biomechanics. Often there is no clear consensus on PFPS, hence no treating “gold-standard” exists (Baheti and Jamati, 2016)
Baheti N.D. and Jamati M. K., Physical Therapy Treatment of Common Orthopedic Conditions, J.P. Medical Ltd, London, UK, pp: 301-302