Often referred to as ‘jumper’s knee’, Patellar Tendinopathy refers to pain within the tendon which lies just below the kneecap (patella). Patellar tendinopathy is a common injury in sports predominantly involving jumping and landing, and results from overuse of the patellar tendon.
The function of the patellar tendon is to transmit forces produced by the large thigh muscle (quadriceps) to the shin bone (tibia) to produce movement of the knee joint.
The injury is caused by the force absorbing capacity of the tendon being exceeded with insufficient healing occurring before the tendon is overloaded again. Poor biomechanics are usually the cause of the injury in the form of tight or weak muscles and or poor patellar tracking.
Conservative treatment includes combinations of rest, physiotherapy (Cook and Khan, 2001) and joint and soft tissue mobilisation of the structures around the knee. Analysis and correction to training techniques and poor biomechanics should also occur.
Cook J.L. and Khan K.M., 2001, What is the most appropriate treatment for patellar tendinopathy, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(5), pp: 288-296