This injury is quite popular with baseball, softball and general overhead sports activities (Edwards and Smith, 2013).
The medial collateral ligament (also known as Ulnar Collateral Ligament “UCL”) of the elbow is an important stabiliser of the elbow.
Injury is caused by repetitive overhead activities (pitching, volleyball, tennis) or with an acute traumatic event such as an elbow dislocation and forced twisting of the arm. This can then lead to chronic pain and instability; trauma to the elbow during a fall or with the arm outstretched may lead to ”UCL” rupture in association with elbow dislocation.
Management of this condition is dependent on severity of the injury. The “PRICE” regime should be applied with Physiotherapy that focuses on stability and strengthening of the joint. In more severe cases surgical intervention may be required to reconstruct the UCL (Daruwalla, Daly and Seiler, 2017).
Edwards H. and Smith D., 2013, Sideline Assessment and Return-to-Play Decision Making for an Acute Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain, International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 8(2), pp: 212-215
Daruwalla J.H., Daly C.A. and Seiler J.G. 3rd, 2017, Medial Elbow Injuries in the Throwing Athlete, 33(1), pp: 47-62