A hammertoe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer
Injury most frequently results from wearing poorly-fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are too short or narrow for the foot.
Management of this injury may include Physiotherapy and new shoes with soft, spacious toe boxes. In more severe or longstanding cases orthopedic surgery may be necessary to correct the deformity (Catena et al., 2014).
Catena F. et al., 2014, Prospective Study of Hammertoe Correction With an Intramedullary Implant, Foot & Ankle International, 35(4)