Calcific tendinopathy of the shoulder usually affects adults between 40-60 years of age, predominantly women (Bureau, 2014). According to Bureau (2014), research does not show a difference in individuals being more likely to develop a calcification, whether they are more active or working in a sedentary job.
The rotator cuff refers to a group of four small muscles which run from the shoulder blade to the top of the arm bone. They support and move the shoulder joint.
Calcific Tendinopathy commonly occurs in the Supraspinatus tendon. The Supraspinatus muscle helps to raise the arm into the air. Its tendon passes through a small space between the top of the arm bone and the point of the shoulder. In this space the tendon is susceptible to ‘wear and tear’. Repetitive use of the supraspinatus can rub the tendon against the edges of the bony space resulting in microscopic tears within the substance of the tendon and lead to chronic damage.
Management of this condition involves Physiotherapy to regain strength and mobility to the shoulder complex. In severe cases the calcification may also be aspirated under ultrasound guidance.
Bureau N.J., 2014, Calcific Tendinopathy of the Shoulder, Seminar in Musculoskeletal Radiology, 17(01); pp: 80-84