Biceps tendinopathy refers to dysfunction within the tendon which connects the biceps muscle on the front of the upper arm with the shoulder blade.
The function of the biceps tendon is to transmit forces produced by the biceps muscle to the shoulder blade so as to produce movement at the shoulder joint. The function of the biceps is the flexion of the elbow as well as the principle supinator of the forearm (Donaldson et al., 2014).
The biceps tendon passes through a narrow groove in the arm bone and the tendon can rub against the edges of the bony groove causing microtears and inflammation. Distal biceps brachii tendinopathies occur only rarely (Donaldson et al., 2014).
Biceps brachii tendinopathy should be treated with a graduated strengthening programme. The use of anti-inflammatory medication may be appropriate for some individuals when there is swelling around the tendon.
Donaldson O. et al., 2014, Tendinopathies Around the Elbow Part 2: Medial Elbow, Distal Biceps and Triceps Tendinopathies, Shoulder & Elbow, 6(1); pp: 47-56