Tendinopathy in general is the inflammation of a tendon, either caused by overloading through high repetitions or because of a degenerative process (Scott et al., 2013).
The biceps brachii is commonly known as the “biceps” in the upper arm. The muscle runs downs the upper am to have its tendon insert near the elbow joint. Injury is caused when this muscle is overused which is common in weight lifters doing bicep curls, repetitive microtrauma seen in overhead throwing or racket athletes and generally overloading the bent elbow; biomechanical issues: coracoacromial thickening and impingement
beneath the coracoacromial arch, which may result into a biceps tendinopathy. 95% of patients without primary biceps tendinitis have an accompanying rotator cuff tear or a tear of the superior lateral anterior labrum (SLAP lesion), additional to secondary impingement. Bicipital tendonitis may be related to shoulder laxity and instability. Tendinitis can also affect the triceps tendon, although much less common
Tendinopathy refers to degeneration in the tendon and in some instances swelling around the tendon sheath; when not sports or work related, common age for suffering from a biceps tendonitis is around 65, whereas in combination with sports it is age 35.
Mechanical loading plays a main part in the rehabilitation of tendons, no matter where in the body they are; especially with sports or work related injuries, where adaptation plays a major role to cope with the necessary loading (Scott et al., 2013). Management involves strengthening and correcting any imbalances in the upper extremity.
Scott A. et al., 2013, Sports and exercise-related tendinopathies: a review of selected topical issues by participants of the second International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (ISTS) Vancouver 2012, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(9), pp: 536-544