29 Jun

Meniscal Tear

A meniscal injury refers to damage to one of the two C-shaped cartilages which separate the bones in the knee joint. These cartilages act as shock absorbers within the knee to assist in cushioning forces.   Function: Like the discs in the spine, the knee joint has a lateral and medial meniscus to protect and […]

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29 Jun

Baker’s Cyst

Baker’s cyst refers to a persistent swelling which develops in the back of the knee, also referred to as Popliteal synovial cyst. Mostly seen in orthopaedic practices, they are routinely discovered in 38% of MRI scans performed on symptomatic knees (Frush and Noyes, 2015).   Common reasons: A Baker’s cyst most commonly develops following an […]

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29 Jun

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) rupture

Out of four main ligaments in the knee, the ACL is the major stabilizing ligament and is located in the centre of the knee, running from the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). A rupture occurs when the biomechanical limits of the ligament are over-stretched over its natural limits. ACL ruptures occur in […]

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26 Jun

Broadgate Clinics

Broadgate Clinics Movement Perfected’s home in Moorgate is within the Broadgate Clinics.   This clinic provides many other excellent services; Broadgate GP Broadgate Spine and Joint – Chiropractic, Osteopathic, Sports Massage Movement Perfected –   Physiotherapy , Personal Training and Pilates     Call 020 7638 4330 Dr Hannes Uys and his team are a […]

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26 Jun

Fracture of the Ankle

Ankle fractures are common and vary in their severity (Basques et al., 2015);   Function: The human ankle plays a fundamental role in gait and other daily activities (Leardini, O’Connor and Giannini, 2013). The ankle is formed by the tibiotalar and subtalar or talocalcaneal joints, enabling  multiplane movements and to react adequately to (uneven) surfaces […]

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26 Jun

Fractured Toe (distal phalanx)

Toe (phalangeal) fractures nearly always heal with very little treatment; Fractures in children are more difficult to recognise because of the multiple growth centres   Function: Like all toes and components of the foot, the toe is essential during the gait, especially a missing first toe can have significant influence on gait pattern.   Treatment: […]

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26 Jun

Fractured Talus

The talus bone forms the ankle joint with the lower leg bones and the heel bone below     Function: The talus is responsible for the majority of the inward and outward movement (inversion and eversion) of the foot; together with the calcaneus, the two build the hindfoot of the foot. The talus is furthermore […]

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23 Jun

Fractured Calcaneus

The calcaneus is the heel bone of the foot and is the most frequently fractured foot bone   Function: With the calcaneus being the biggest bone in the foot, it has a major role in biomechanics (Dhillon, 2013). The calcaneus functions as a vertical support for one’s body weight, providing support for and maintaining the […]

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23 Jun

Flexor Hallucis Tendon Injury

Especially when in combination with dancers, painful flexor hallucis longus tendons are referred to “dancer’s tendinitis” (Rowley et al., 2017).   Common reasons: Injuries to the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon classically occur with repetitive plantar flexion or bending of the big toe. This injury is commonly seen in ballet dancers and runners due to […]

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23 Jun

First Metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint sprain

The 1st MTP joint is the big toe joint of the foot.   Function: The first metatarsal joint is one of the key joints for a functioning gait pattern (Chinn and Hertel, 2010).   Common reasons: It is commonly injured when moved to the extremes of its range with force for example kicking an object stubbing […]

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